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Geochemical records of the end-Triassic Crisis preserved in a deep marine section of the Budva Basin, Dinarides, Montenegro
de Graaff, S.J.; Percival, L.M.E.; Kaskes, P.; Déhais, T.; de Winter, N.J.; Jansen, M.N.; Smit, J.; Sinnesael, M.; Vellekoop, J.; Sato, H.; Ishikawa, A.; Spassov, S.; Claeys, P.; Goderis, S. (2022). Geochemical records of the end-Triassic Crisis preserved in a deep marine section of the Budva Basin, Dinarides, Montenegro. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 606: 111250.
In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Elsevier: Amsterdam; Tokyo; Oxford; New York. ISSN 0031-0182; e-ISSN 1872-616X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Triassic-Jurassic Boundary; End-Triassic extinction event; Deep marine Tethys Ocean; CAMP; Osmium isotopes; Highly siderophile elements; Budva Basin

Authors  Top 
  • de Graaff, S.J., more
  • Percival, L.M.E., more
  • Kaskes, P., more
  • Déhais, T., more
  • de Winter, N.J., more
  • Jansen, M.N.
  • Smit, J.
  • Sinnesael, M., more
  • Vellekoop, J., more
  • Sato, H.
  • Ishikawa, A.
  • Spassov, S., more
  • Claeys, P., more
  • Goderis, S., more

    The end-Triassic extinction event (∼ 201.5 Ma) is one of the five major mass extinction events in Earth's history, however, considerable discussion continues on the exact causes and timing of the event. This is because, whilst certain geochemical data on T-J sections appears to be largely comparable globally, with for example a significant (up to 6‰) negative carbon-isotope (δ13C) excursion at the extinction horizon, more often than not other geochemical variations are neither uniform nor fully consistent between sections. Critical to this discussion is that the majority of the studied sections containing the end-Triassic extinction event are limited to shallow marine or terrestrial sections, which are prone to discontinuities and hiatuses. In this study, we present carbon isotopes (δ13Ccarb), total organic carbon (TOC), major and trace, mercury (Hg) and highly siderophile elements (HSE), osmium-isotope compositions and paleomagnetic data of a relatively less studied deep-marine T-J succession in the Budva Basin, Čanj, Montenegro. At Čanj, deep-marine Triassic limestones are abruptly interrupted by a ∼ 6 cm finely laminated clay layer, before transitioning to more argillaceous Jurassic red beds. The clay layer is interpreted to represent the end-Triassic extinction interval and is characterized by a negative carbon isotope excursion, relative heavy rare earth element (HREE) enrichment, Hg increase, HSE enrichment and a sharp shift to unradiogenic osmium-isotopic ratios. This establishes the Čanj section as a unique and well-preserved outcrop that exquisitely encapsulates the end-Triassic extinction in the Tethyan marine realm. The distinct geochemical markers recorded at Čanj are consistent with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province as the main driver behind the end-Triassic extinction.

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