IMIS | Lifewatch regional portal

You are here


[ report an error in this record ]basket (1): add | show Print this page

one publication added to basket [337965]
Aquaculture production and its environmental sustainability in Thailand: challenges and potential solutions
Sampantamit, T.; Ho, L.; Lachat, C.; Sutummawong, N.; Sorgeloos, P.; Goethals, P. (2020). Aquaculture production and its environmental sustainability in Thailand: challenges and potential solutions. Sustainability 12(5): 2010.
In: Sustainability. MDPI: Basel. e-ISSN 2071-1050, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    aquaculture production; sustainability; environment; Thailand

Authors  Top 
  • Sutummawong, N.
  • Sorgeloos, P., more
  • Goethals, P., more

    Though aquaculture plays an important role in providing foods and healthy diets, there are concerns regarding the environmental sustainability of prevailing practices. This study examines the trends and changes in fisheries originating from aquaculture production in Thailand and provides insights into such production’s environmental impacts and sustainability. Together with an extensive literature review, we investigated a time series of Thai aquaculture production data from 1995 to 2015. Overall, Thai aquaculture production has significantly increased during the last few decades and significantly contributed to socio-economic development. Estimates of total aquaculture production in Thailand have gradually grown from around 0.6 to 0.9 million tons over the last twenty years. Farmed shrimp is the main animal aquatic product, accounting for an estimated 40% of total yields of aquaculture production, closely followed by fish (38%) and mollusk (22%). Estimates over the past decades indicate that around 199470 ha of land is used for aquaculture farming. Out of the total area, 61% is used for freshwater farms, and 39% is used for coastal farms. However, this industry has contributed to environmental degradation, such as habitat destruction, water pollution, and ecological effects. Effective management strategies are urgently needed to minimize the environmental impacts of aquaculture and to ensure it maximally contributes to planetary health. Innovative and practical solutions that rely on diverse technology inputs and smart market-based management approaches that are designed for environmentally friendly aquaculture farming can be the basis for viable long-term solutions for the future.

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors