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Diel vertical migration of decapod larvae in the Portuguese coastal upwelling ecosystem: implications for offshore transport
dos Santos, A.; Santos, A.M.P.; Conway, D.V.P.; Bartilotti, C.; Lourenço, P.; Queiroga, H. (2008). Diel vertical migration of decapod larvae in the Portuguese coastal upwelling ecosystem: implications for offshore transport. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 359: 171-183. https://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07341
In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. Inter-Research: Oldendorf/Luhe. ISSN 0171-8630; e-ISSN 1616-1599, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Decapod larvae · Diel vertical distribution · Portuguese shelf · Transport processes

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • dos Santos, A.
  • Santos, A.M.P.
  • Conway, D.V.P.
  • Bartilotti, C.
  • Lourenço, P.
  • Queiroga, H.

    The vertical distribution of decapod larvae off the northwest Portuguese coast was analysed in relation to associated environmental conditions from sampling during a 69 h period around a current meter mooring located on the shelf, approximately 21 km off the coast. Plankton samples were collected every 2 h at the surface with a neuston net and through the water column with a Longhurst Hardy Plankton Recorder (Pro-LHPR), allowing a very detailed resolution of larval vertical distribution. Environmental data (temperature, salinity, and chlorophyll a) were obtained every hour. To investigate the horizontal distribution of decapod larvae in relation to the coast, a plankton-sampling grid was carried out before the 69 h fixed station. Larvae of shelf decapod species were widely distributed over the shelf, while those of inshore species were found much closer to the coast. Decapod larvae (zoeae and megalopae) showed clear diel vertical migrations, only appearing in the upper 20 m at night, a migration that did not appear to be affected by physical conditions in the water column. Larval densities were highly variable, 0.01 to 215 ind. m–3 for zoeae and 0 to 93 ind. m–3 for megalopae, the zoeae being generally more abundant. The results indicated that during the day larvae accumulate very close to the bottom. The diel vertical migration behaviour is discussed as one of the contributing mechanisms for larval retention over the shelf, even with offshore transport conditions promoted by coastal upwelling, and is hence of major relevance for the recruitment success of decapod species that inhabit inshore and shelf zones of coastal upwelling systems.

  • Dos Santos, A.; Marraccini, A.; Stehle, M.J.; Lourenço, P.; Pires, R.; Queiroga, H. (2017). Zooplankton and Ichthyoplankton of the North Western Portuguese Coast in May 2002, more

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