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Tsunamigenic-seismogenic structures, neotectonics, sedimentary processes and slope instability on the southwest Portuguese Margin
Terrinha, P.; Pinheiro, L.M.; Henriet, J.-P.; Matias, L.; Ivanov, M.K.; Monteiro, J.H.; Akhmetzhanov, A.; Volkonskaya, A.; Cunha, T.; Shaskin, P.; Rovere, M. (2003). Tsunamigenic-seismogenic structures, neotectonics, sedimentary processes and slope instability on the southwest Portuguese Margin. Mar. Geol. 195(1-4): 55-73.
In: Marine Geology. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0025-3227; e-ISSN 1872-6151, more
Also appears in:
Ivanov, M.K.; Kenyon, N.H.; Suzyumov, A.E.; Woodside, J.M. (Ed.) (2003). Sedimentary processes and seafloor hydrocarbon emission on deep European continental margins: a selection of papers mainly presented at the congress on Geological Processes on Deepwater European Margins, held in Moscow, Russia, February 2001, in celebration of the 10th Anniversary of the Training Through Research Programme. Marine Geology, 195(1-4). Elsevier: Amsterdam. 324 pp., more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Crustal structure
    Earth sciences > Geology > Tectonics
    Earth sciences > Geophysics > Seismology
    Earth structure > Earth crust > Continental crust
    Equipment > Remote sensing equipment > Sonar > Active sonar > Side scan sonar
    Geological structures > Faults
    Hazards > Geological hazards > Earthquakes
    Records > Analog records > Seismic profiles
    Sedimentary structures
    Topographic features > Submarine features > Continental margins
    Water waves > Surface water waves > Tsunamis
    ANE, Portugal [Marine Regions]
Author keywords
    neotectonics; earthquake; tsunami; active fault scarps; sedimentary ridges; gravitational slides; passive-active margin transition

Authors  Top 
  • Terrinha, P.
  • Pinheiro, L.M.
  • Henriet, J.-P., more
  • Matias, L.
  • Ivanov, M.K.
  • Monteiro, J.H., more
  • Akhmetzhanov, A.
  • Volkonskaya, A.
  • Cunha, T.
  • Shaskin, P.
  • Rovere, M.

    Tectonically active structures prone to cause devastating earthquakes and tsunamis, e.g. the Lisbon 1755 earthquake, were investigated during the UNESCO/IOC Training Through Research-10 (TTR-10) cruise on the southwest Portuguese Continental Margin using single channel seismic profiles, a 3.5-kHz hull-mounted sea-bottom profiler, 10-kHz OKEAN long range side-scan sonar, 30-kHz ORETECH deep-towed side-scan sonar, and a high-resolution deep-towed sea-bottom profiler. These data allowed the definition of new active faults and the establishment of morphological criteria for the classification of active faults in the study area. Landslides associated with the activity of a major tectonic structure, the Marquês de Pombal Fault, and other areas with clear signs of mass wasting phenomena were mapped. A slope-to-basin sedimentary system comprising 21 sedimentary ridges up to 20 km long was mapped and described. It was found that the sediments are mainly transported into the deep basins by mass transport processes across the steepest fault scarps forming a channel–levee system, while gravitational slides/slumps dominate the shallower slopes. The sedimentary ridges with an elevation of 40–50 m (50–60 ms TWT) above the seafloor are imaged on the high-resolution seismic profiles as an alternation of high and low amplitude reflectors. It is shown that the Pereira de Sousa Fault, its plateau and the Príncipes de Avis Plateau are experiencing uplift according to sedimentary and morphological criteria.

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