IMIS | Lifewatch regional portal

You are here


[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

Facies analysis and depositional model for the Oxfordian Hanifa Formation, Central Saudi Arabia
Bashri, M.; Kaminski, M.A.; Abdullatif, O.; Humphrey, J.; Makkawi, M.; Swennen, R.; Ali, O.; Adam, A.; Salih, M.; Babiker, J. (2022). Facies analysis and depositional model for the Oxfordian Hanifa Formation, Central Saudi Arabia. Mar. Pet. Geol. 146: 105940.
In: Marine and Petroleum Geology. Elsevier: Guildford. ISSN 0264-8172; e-ISSN 1873-4073, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Southern neo-tethys; Oxfordian stage; Arabian plate; Homoclinal carbonate ramp; Reef-bearing carbonate ramp; Siliciclastics

Authors  Top 
  • Bashri, M.
  • Kaminski, M.A.
  • Abdullatif, O.
  • Humphrey, J.
  • Makkawi, M.
  • Swennen, R., more
  • Ali, O.
  • Adam, A.
  • Salih, M.
  • Babiker, J.

    The Jurassic was a time for major global changes in climate, tectonics, and oceanography, reflected in the southern Neo-Tethys Ocean by a distinct transition from carbonate-poor to carbonate-dominated sedimentation. To better constrain the effect of this turning point in the Late Jurassic, key outcrops of Oxfordian deposits of the Arabian Plate were investigated through detailed sedimentologic analysis. High-resolution (centimeter-scale) description and analysis of eight outcropping sections with a cumulative thickness of 461 m through the Oxfordian Hanifa Formation along a N–S 535 km-long transect in central Saudi Arabia are used to develop a comprehensive conceptual depositional evolution through time. Nine sedimentary lithofacies are interpreted and grouped into four facies associations. These associations include: I) outer-ramp association (FA1), II) mid-ramp association (FA2), III) inner-ramp grainy-facies association (FA3), and VI) inner-ramp reefal association (FA4). The lithofacies succession distinguishes two depositional phases, a middle Oxfordian homoclinal ramp (Phase 1) that corresponds to the Hawtah Member, and a late Oxfordian reef-bearing carbonate ramp (Phase 2) that corresponds to the Ulayyah Member. After being restricted to the high latitudes in the northern Neo-Tethys during early and middle Oxfordian ages, the carbonate ramp evolution within the Hanifa Formation reflects the expansion of scleractinian coral reefs over the southern Neo-Tethys passive margin in the late Oxfordian. However, the distribution of the corals in the Arabian Plate is mainly controlled by water salinity and siliciclastic input; they are absent northward due to hypersalinity and southward due to siliciclastic input. Furthermore, the differential subsidence and the resulting uneven topography, in addition to the eustatic sea level variation during the Oxfordian age, controls the distribution of different depositional styles over the Arabian Plate (homoclinal ramp, distally-steepened ramp, rimed shelf, and intrashelf basin).

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors