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Mortalité massive d’invertébrés marins : un événement sans précédent en Méditerranée nord-occidentale
Perez, T.; Garrabou, J.; Sartoretto, S.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Francour, P.; Vacelet, J. (2000). Mortalité massive d’invertébrés marins : un événement sans précédent en Méditerranée nord-occidentale. C. R. Acad. Sci., Sér. 3 Sci. Vie 323(10): 853-865. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0764-4469(00)01237-3
In: Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences. Serie 3. Sciences de la Vie. Elsevier: Paris. ISSN 0764-4469; e-ISSN 1878-5565, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
Author keywords
    mass mortality; Mediterranean; Porifera; Anthozoa; Gorgonians

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • Perez, T., more
  • Garrabou, J.
  • Sartoretto, S.
  • Harmelin, J.-G.
  • Francour, P.
  • Vacelet, J., more

Abstract
    An unprecedented mass mortality event has been observed at the end of the summer 1999 along the coasts of Provence (France) and Ligury (Italy). This event has severely affected a wide array of sessile filter-feeder invertebrates from hard-substratum communities, such as sponges (particularly the keratose sponges Hippospongia and Spongia), cnidarians (particularly the anthozoans Corallium, Paramuricea, Eunicella and Cladocora), bivalves, ascidians and bryozoans. Along the Provence coasts, the outbreak spread from east to west. Exceptionally high and constant temperatures of the whole water column (23–24 °C, for over one month, down to 40 m) could have determined an environmental context favourable to the mass mortality event. Like the thermal anomaly, the mortality is limited in depth. However, we cannot ascertain whether temperature had a direct effect on organisms or acted in synergy with a latent and/or waterborne agent (microbiological or chemical). Taking into account the global warming context in the NW-Mediterranean, monitoring programs of physical-chemical parameters and vulnerable populations should rapidly be set up.

Dataset
  • Linares, Cristina; Figuerola, Laura; Gómez-Gras, Daniel; Pagès-Escolà, Marta; Olvera, Àngela, Aubach, Àlex; Amate, Roger; Figuerola, Blanca; Kersting, Diego; Ledoux, Jean-Baptiste; López-Sanz, Àngel; López-Sendino, Paula; Medrano, Alba; Garrabou, Joaquim; (2020); CorMedNet- Distribution and demographic data of habitat-forming invertebrate species from Mediterranean coralligenous assemblages between 1882 and 2019, more

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