IMIS | Lifewatch regional portal

You are here


[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

Physical-biological interactions in the life history of small pelagic fish in the Western Iberia Upwelling Ecosystem
Santos, A.M.P.; Chícharo, A.; dos Santos, A.; Moita, T.; Oliveira, P.B.; Peliz, A.; Ré, P. (2007). Physical-biological interactions in the life history of small pelagic fish in the Western Iberia Upwelling Ecosystem. Prog. Oceanogr. 74(2-3): 192-209.
In: Progress in Oceanography. Pergamon: Oxford,New York,. ISSN 0079-6611; e-ISSN 1873-4472, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors | Dataset 

Author keywords
    Coastal upwelling Small pelagic fish Larval fish growth and condition River plumes Climate changes North-eastern Atlantic Iberian Peninsula Portugal

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • Santos, A.M.P.
  • Chícharo, A.
  • dos Santos, A.
  • Moita, T.
  • Oliveira, P.B.
  • Peliz, A.
  • Ré, P.

    This paper reviews relevant investigations conducted in the Western Iberia Upwelling Ecosystem (WIUE) on the dynamics of small pelagic fish (SPF), its relationship to climate changes and processes related to the ‘ocean triad’ (enrichment, concentration, transport/retention). In the last decades, a decline in the productivity of several SPF species (e.g., sardine and horse mackerel) was observed in the WIUE, which is partially explained by environmental variability (e.g., changes in coastal upwelling). The main mechanism proposed to explain this decline is the increased frequency and intensity of upwelling events during the spawning season (winter) of these species, which is typically a period when convergence conditions prevail. Thus, this ‘anomalous’ situation promotes egg and larval dispersal away from the favourable coastal habitat (the shelf) and consequently has a negative impact on their survival and recruitment. However, the variability of local features like the Western Iberia Buoyant Plume (WIBP) and the Iberian Poleward Current (IPC) introduce important fluctuations in the transport patterns of the region, and could modulate the impact of these winter upwelling events in the survival of larvae. The retention on the shelf of larval sardine along convergence zones formed by the interaction of these two features plays an important role in their survival. Furthermore, the WIBP is a suitable environment for the growth of phytoplankton and for larval fish survival. From these findings it is clear that simplified Ekman transport models could not explain larval fish transport/retention patterns in this region and more realistic biophysical models should be used to simulate the local oceanographic conditions to understand larval dynamics and the success of recruitment of SPF in the Western Iberia.

  • Zooplankton and Ichthyoplankton of the North Western Portuguese Coast in May 2002, more

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors | Dataset