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Environmental constraints on Holocene cold-water coral reef growth off Norway: insights from a multiproxy approach
Raddatz, J.; Liebetrau, V.; Trotter, J.; Rüggeberg, A.; Flögel, S.; Dullo, W.-C.; Eisenhauer, A.; Voigt, S.; McCulloch, M. (2016). Environmental constraints on Holocene cold-water coral reef growth off Norway: insights from a multiproxy approach. Paleoceanography 31(10): 1350-1367.
In: Paleoceanography. American Geophysical Union: Washington, DC. ISSN 0883-8305; e-ISSN 1944-9186, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    cold-water corals; Lophelia pertusa; boron isotopes; Holocene; pHupregulation; Li; Mg

Authors  Top 
  • Raddatz, J.
  • Liebetrau, V.
  • Trotter, J.
  • Rüggeberg, A., more
  • Flögel, S.
  • Dullo, W.-C.
  • Eisenhauer, A.
  • Voigt, S.
  • McCulloch, M.

    High-latitude cold-water coral (CWC) reefs are particularly susceptible due to enhanced CO2 uptake in these regions. Using precisely dated (U/Th) CWCs (Lophelia pertusa) retrieved during research cruise POS 391 (Lopphavet 70.6°N, Oslofjord 59°N) we applied boron isotopes (δ11B), Ba/Ca, Li/Mg, and U/Ca ratios to reconstruct the environmental boundary conditions of CWC reef growth. The sedimentary record from these CWC reefs reveals a lack of corals between ~6.4 and 4.8 ka. The question remains if this phenomenon is related to changes in the carbonate system or other causes. The initial postglacial setting had elevated Ba/Ca ratios, indicative of meltwater fluxes showing a decreasing trend toward cessation at 6.4 ka with an oscillation pattern similar to continental glacier fluctuations. Downcore U/Ca ratios reveal an increasing trend, which is outside the range of modern U/Ca variability in L. pertusa, suggesting changes of seawater pH near 6.4 ka. The reconstructed bottom water temperature at Lopphavet reveals a striking similarity to Barent sea surface and subsea surface temperature records. We infer that meltwater pulses weakened the North Atlantic Current system, resulting in southward advances of cold and CO2-rich Arctic waters. A corresponding shift in the δ11B record from ~25.0‰ to ~27.0‰ probably implies enhanced pH up-regulation of the CWCs due to the higher pCO2 concentrations of ambient seawater, which hastened mid-Holocene CWC reef decline on the Norwegian margin.

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