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ClimateFish: A database to track the abundance of selected coastal fish species as candidate indicators of climate change
Azzurro Ernesto, Ballerini Tosca, Antoniadou Chryssanthi, Aversa Giulia Domizia, Ben Souissi Jamila, Blašković Andrea, Cappanera Valentina, Chiappi Marina, Cinti Maria-Francesca, Colloca Francesco, Cvitković Ivan, D'Amen Manuela, Despalatović Marija, Di Franco Antonio, Dimitriadis Charalampos, Dragičević Branko, Fanelli Emanuela, Figuerola Ferrando Laura, Fortibuoni Tomaso, Franzitta Giulio, Garrabou Joaquim, Geloso Tatiana, Ghanem Raouia, Gori Andrea, Hervat Martina, lzquierdo-Muñoz Andres, Linares Prat Cristina, La Mesa Gabriele, Merotto Lorenzo, Micallef Reno, Miliou Anastasia, Minelli Annalisa, Moschella Paula, Pannacciulli Federica, Panzalis Pieraugusto, Pavičić Mišo, Petrou Antonis, Ramos-Esplá Alfonso A., Saponari Luca, Scarcella Giuseppe, Spoto Marco, Stagličić Nika, Vrdoljak Dario, Vouriot Pauline, Weitzmann Boris, Schembri Patrick Joseph (2022). ClimateFish: Abundance of selected coastal fish species as candidate indicators of climate change In the Mediterranean Sea. SEANOE.
Contact: Azzurro, Ernesto ;

Access data
Archived data
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The ClimateFish database collates abundance data of 15 fish species proposed as candidate indicators of climate change in the Mediterranean Sea. Data were collected according to a simplified visual census methodology (Garrabou et al. 2019) along standard transects of five minutes performed at a constant speed of 10m/min, corresponding approximately to an area of 50x5m. Four different depth layers were surveyed: 0-3m, 5-10 m, 11-20 m, 21-30 m. So far, the ClimateFish database includes fish counts collected along 3142 transects carried out in seven Mediterranean countries between 2009 and 2021, for a total number of 101'771 observed individuals belonging to the 15 fish species. more

An initial group of eight Mediterranean indigenous species (Epinephelus marginatus, Thalassoma pavo, Sparisoma cretense, Coris julis, Sarpa salpa, Serranus scriba, Serranus cabrilla and Caranx crysos) with wide distribution, responsiveness to temperature conditions and easy identification were selected by a network of Mediterranean scientists joined under the CIESM programme ‘Tropical Signals’ (; Azzurro et al. 2010). Soon after, and thanks to the discussion with other expert groups and projects, C. crysos was no longer considered, and Lessepsian fishes (Red Sea species entering the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal) were included, namely: Fistularia commersonii, Siganus luridus, Siganus rivulatus, Pterois miles, Stephanolopis diaspros, Parupeneus forskali, Pempheris rhomboidea and Torquigener flavimaculosus. Data were collected by a large team of researchers which joined in a common monitoring strategy supported by different international projects, which are acknowledged below. This database, when associated with climate data, offers new opportunities to investigate spatio-temporal effects of climate change in the Mediterranean Sea and test the effectiveness of each species as a possible climate change indicator. Contacts: ernesto.azzurro(at) References: Azzurro E., Maynou F., Moschella P. (2010). A simplified visual census methodology to detect variability trends of coastal mediterranean fishes under climate change scenarios. Rapp. Comm. int. Mer Médit., 39. D’Amen, M. and Azzurro, E. (2020). Lessepsian fish invasion in Mediterranean marine protected areas: a risk assessment under climate change scenarios. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 77(1), pp.388-397. Garrabou, J., Bensoussan, N., Azzurro, E. (2019). Monitoring climate-related responses in Mediterranean marine protected areas and beyond: five standard protocols. Golani D., Azzurro E., Dulčić J., Massutí E., Orsi-Relini L. (2021). Atlas of Exotic Fishes in the Mediterranean Sea. 2nd edition [F. Briand, Ed.] 365 pages. CIESM Publishers, Paris, Monaco. ISBN number 978-92-990003-5-9. Considering the trend of increase of these species in the Mediterranean Sea (Golani et al. 2021) and their projected distribution according to climate change scenarios (D’Amen and Azzurro, 2020), more data on these tropical invaders are expected to come in the future implementation of the study. The Mediterranean ClimateFish initiative was initially Tropical Signals (funded by the Albert II of Monaco Foundation) and subsequently supported by the Interreg Med Programme (Projects: MPA Adapt, grant number 1MED15_3.2_M2_337 and MPA Engage, grant number MED18_3.2_M23_007), 85% co funded by the European Regional Development Fund.The Interreg Med project MPA Engage (grant number: 5216 | 5MED18_3.2_M23_007) partially supported this work. Important Note: This submission has been initially submitted to SEA scieNtific Open data Edition (SEANOE) publication service and received the recorded DOI. The metadata elements have been further processed (refined) in EMODnet Ingestion Service in order to conform with the Data Submission Service specifications. Processing methodology: first of all, training sessions/materials were delivered to both MPA staff and collaborating researchers; data were collected by trained people according to the for error and underwent the technical validation process; data were same protocol and checked by the same people before submission; formatted data were then examined gathered and formatted to meet Darwin Core archive standards where reports which did not meet inclusion criteria were removed; the data were manually examined again for quality assessment and to detect any remaining error.

Biology > Fish
Climate change, Data non conformant, Indicator species, Metadata conformant, EurOBIS calculated BBOX, Mediterranean Region

Geographical coverage
EurOBIS calculated BBOX Stations
Bounding Box
Coordinates: MinLong: -0,4873; MinLat: 34,9489 - MaxLong: 34,0831; MaxLat: 44,9413 [WGS84]
Mediterranean Region [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
1 September 2009 - 23 September 2021

Count of fish species

Stazione Zoologica 'Anton Dohrn' of Naples (SZN), moredata creator
University of Rome La Sapienza, moredata creator
Carthage University; National Institute of Agronomy (INAT), moredata creator
Brijuni National Park, moredata creator
Cappanera, Valentinadata creator
Polytechnic University of Marche, moredata creator
Cinti, Maria-Francescadata creator
Italian National Research Council; Institute for Biological Resources and Marine Biotechnologies (IRBIM), moredata creator
National Marine Park of Zakynthos, moredata creator
Polytechnic University of Marche; Faculty of Sciences; Department of Life and Environmental Sciences (DiSVA), moredata creator
Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), moredata creator
Italian National Research Council; Institute for the study of Anthropic Impacts and Sustainability in the Marine Environment (IAS), moredata creator
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas; Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM), moredata creator
Mare Nostrum NGO, moredata creator
Tunis El Manar University, moredata creator
Universitat de Barcelona, moredata creator
The University of Alicante; Departamento Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada, moredata creator
Merotto, Lorenzodata creator
University of Malta (UM), moredata creator
Archipelagos Institute of Marine Conservation, moredata creator
International Council for the Exploration of the Mediterranean Sea (CIESM), moredata creator
Centro Ricerche Ambiente Marino; The Santa Teresa Marine Environment Research Centre (ENEA), moredata provider
Panzalis, Pieraugustodata creator
The University of Alicante; Centro de Investigación Marina (CIMAR), moredata creator
Enalia Physis Environmental Research Centre, moredata creator
Nature Seychelles, moredata creator
Weitzmann, Borisdata creator
Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER), moredataset publisher
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique- Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer (CNRS-IFREMER), moredata creator

Related datasets
Published in:
EurOBIS: European Ocean Biodiversity Information System, more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2022-10-05
Information last updated: 2022-10-18
All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy