The maritime boundaries
and areas are now calculated from the publically available baselines. The global baseline used in this new version is a combination of the straight or archipelagic baselines and the coastline as a proxy for the low-water line. The source for the straight baselines is a combination of the United Nations repository on maritime claims and national legislation on maritime delimitations and agreements. The ESRI Countries 2014 database has been used as the primary source for the Maritime Boundaries coastline. The coastline was further updated with reefs data extracted from Coral Reef Distribution UNEP for the countries where reefs were fundamental for the correct calculation of the maritime areas, as intended by the coastal state.
This new version represents an unprecedented increase in the number of used sources from 187 in version 8 to more than 500 source documents in version 9, some of which containing data on multiple baselines. The majority of new sources corresponds to the addition of new baselines, treaties, and joint regimes. The full process of producing the Maritime Boundaries is described in the page Methodology.
10 years ago Marine Regions released the first version of the World’s EEZ. In the past decade the number of users has increased from a few hundreds to more than one hundred thousand unique visitors per year. The Marine Region’s Maritime Boundaries and its unique identifier have become a standard for many users from academia, to industry, and to civil society. Today, the Maritime Boundaries dataset is used in various ways such as a geographic backbone for the World Register of Marine Species, as a geo-unit to calculate fishing activities, or as an assessment unit for the health of our ocean.
With the new release, we hope to further serve the global marine user community working on geospatial analysis. As Marine Regions depends on data and knowledge sharing from global, European, regional and national data providers and relevant experts, we aim to set up Collaboration Agreements with our users and data providers. An example template of a Collaboration Agreement can be found online, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
if your organization is interested to explore this collaboration.
All datasets from marineregions.org’s Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase continue to be the only freely-available global datasets on the World’s Maritime Boundaries.